Galaţi is the residence and also the biggest city of Galaţi County, county situated near the corner of the three frontiers in Moldova, Romania. According to the last census in 2011, the population of the city was 231.204, being the 7th city in the country regarding the number of citizens. It is one of the largest economic centers in Romania, respectively Moldova. Galaţi has a loaded history because it is located on the Danube, the main European river commercial artery, the Danube-Main-Rhine. Economic life developed around the Naval Shipyard, Port River, Arcelor Mittal Integrated Steelworks and Ore Port.
Galaţi is located in eastern Romania, in the southern extremity of the Moldovian plateau, 45 ° 27 ‘north latitude and 28 ° 02′ east longitude. Situated on the north bank of the Danube, occupying an area of 246.4 km2, at the confluence of Siret River (west) and Prut (east), near Lake Brateş, about 80 kilometers from the Black Sea. The nearest town is Brăila, just 15 miles south. Galaţi is a meeting point of the three historical provinces of the country: Wallachia, Moldavia and Dobrogea. The town and the port is carried out as a large amphitheater with different levels of 3 to 55 meters. The city lies on three terraces: Valley City, with altitude of 3-7 m and the other two, drawn almost fan-shaped: the first with an altitude of 20-25 m (the core of the medieval town, now city center) and the second with altitudes exceeding 40 m (modern city). Life of human communities was directly influenced by the Danube, the second longest river in Europe (2850 km), with an average flow of 6,199 cubic meters/s in this sector, after receiving the input river Siret an average flow of 210 m³ / s (the largest tributary of the Romanian territory). River continued on its way to the Black Sea after receiving down the port of Galaţi, the Prut river, with an average flow of 86 m³ / s. Danube flows have a significant variation depending on season and year, with maximum values in May (18000-19000 m / s) and minimum during summer (2000-2450 m / s). Due to the deep sailing line to Brăila, Danube is declared maritime.
In 1927, according to the monograph dedicated to Galaţi by Professor Gh. N. Munteanu Bārlad, it was a triangle shape, having the Danube in the south, on the east lake Brateş and the river Prut, Siret river and lake Cătuşa in the west. In Galaţi are two major landforms of the country: Romanian Plain and Moldavian Plateau offering a landscape with heights ranging from 310 meters in the north and to 5 meters in the south. The area is the meeting point of the corresponding physical-geographical provinces east, south and central Europe. The most important unit is the Danube Meadow which intersects here with Prut and Siret Valley.
Given that Galaţi is a gateway to the northeast and southwest, it is under the influence of eastern continental air masses, less southern, almost totally lacking influence of western air which is blocked by the Carpathian mountains. The average annual temperature, calculated over a period of 70 years is 10 º C. The average temperature in summer is 21.3 º C.
Galaţi position is peninsular because it is surrounded by water on 3 sides. All these hydrographic arteries with their characteristics contributed to the development of the port which was in a certain historical stage Romania’s largest port. The Danube, Europe’s second largest river, was one of the most trafficked roads of Europe since ancient times when the Danube was called Ister. Danube produces a great impression on travelers, especially the ones who see it for the first time. The presence of the Danube is certainly the attraction of Galaţi. The very great Kogalniceanu when first saw the Danube was amazed and then took a great interest for the port and the land of Covurlui. In 1927, Valley City could climb to the modern city by 14 fords. The Danube is a river with a single course, with depths between 20 and 36 meters. Minor bed width is 776 meters. Highest water level of the Danube was achieved in 2010 when the protection dam from the Valley City collapsed, measuring 768 cm, and the lowest in 1921 when it measured 48 cm.
Siret River, which flows from Wooded Carpathians of Ukraine, is the largest interior river which crosses the country from North to South Moldova. Siret course, “moody water”, as called by the people, is characterized by numerous meanders and large meadow covered groves. In the river, which sometimes exceeds 100 meters wide, islands occur when waters are low. The most important tributary of the Siret is Bistrita which, in turn, is collecting other rivers and streams.
Prut, the other river near Galaţi has an average flow rate of 85.5 cm / s flowing through asymmetrical sides. Prut has small tributaries, the most important being Horincea, with its tributaries and Liscov and Oarba. Chineja, a stream flowing on the left arm of the Prut valley collects waters of the valleys Baneasa, Covurlui, Frumuşiţa, Ijdileni, Şiviţa etc. Chineja waters flow into Lake Brateş.
Modal Transport Hub
Galaţi is one of the largest commercial traffic knots in Romania, connected to the main European communication corridors:
– on water, through the Rhine-Main-Danube canal, connecting the North Sea with the Black Sea;
– on railway, assuring the transfer from the European standard gauge to the larger one used in the ex-soviet countries;
– on road, through a dense network of national and country roads.
Culture and Education
- one of the academic centers of Romania with 2 universities (“Dunărea de Jos” University and Danubius University) and other educational institutions;
- an important cultural centre with several museums and theatres, a public library, a botanical garden, a sculpture park lining a promenade of several kilometers along the left bank of the Danube.
GALAŢI FREE ZONE
- Free Zone’s land is in the close vicinity of terrestrial and naval communication ways and also near all kind of utilities (water, sewage, electric power, methane gas);
- Free land enough for any kind of investment projects at most competitive rates (139 hectares);
- Great strategic position at the eastern E.U. border with quick and efficient access to markets from all over Europe and Orient;
- Favorable economic and fiscal facilities.
GALAŢI INDUSTRIAL PARK
Industrial Park Galati extends over an area of 21,8 ha and promotes a flexible approach in what concerns the delimitation of different areas, priority being solicitations from commercial companies that will be located inside the park.
Through partnerships developed in time at the local and national level, the Industrial Park can populate the infrastructure of supporting businesses which is offered with the following types of services and activities:
- One-Stop-Shop, with services for the antrepreneurs and investors – foundation of companies, , legal advice, tax consultancy, etc.;
- Grants and repayable for small and medium sized companies – assistance and consultance;
- Work space and cooperation for mini-entrepreneurs, innovators, researchers – promotion of the co-working system;
- Training and proffesional training through developing some training and proffesional training open programs, and attracting funding for these programes;
Global connection through developing an international cooperation network, Galati will be positioned as a competitive destination and connected to Europes business trends.
In Galaţi is the only software park in Romania. Software park in Galati was inaugurated in March 2004 and had from the beginning an occupancy rate of 100%. Currently, the software park Galati works 500 permanent employees plus nearly 100 employees in a total of 31 companies, of which four, Oracle, HP, Microsoft and Sun Microsystems, have opened, along with the University “Dunărea de Jos” research and development centers.
THE MAIN RESPONSIBILITIES
- administration of the public and private city domain;
- administration of local road transport infrastructure;
- financing of local culture institutions;
- administration of the local public sanitary institutions;
- municipal territory planning and urbanism;
- water supply, sewerage and WWTP
- municipal waste management;
- social assistance services (social cases, disabled people);
- municipal public transport;
- building social housing;
- public order and safety;
- civil status services;
- preventing and managing the local urgency situation.
ECOSAL PUBLIC SERVICE
- sanitation for domestic residents associations and individual houses;
- sanitation for economic agents and state institutions;
- street cleaning, snow removal and glazed frost control;
- management of the new ecological landfill of the city.
REGIONAL OPERATOR FOR WATER SUPPLY AND SEWERAGE
The main activity in Galaţi city is to manage:
- the water supply system, with a length of 690 km, serving 99.7% of the city’s population and ensuring 70% of the industrial water consumption;
- the sewerage system, which covers an area of 2300 hectares, with a length of 480 km, assuring the collection, transportation and evacuation of the wastewater and the rainwater.
MUNICIPAL HEATING UTILITY COMPANY
- the heating network, with 119 thermal points and 2 heating stations running on gas, assures the heating of more than 80.000 apartments;
- 94% of the total amount of thermal power is distributed to the population.
LOCAL PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
Auto park: 55 minibuses, 82 buses, 13 trolleys, 62 trams
– 17 bus routes, with a total length of 271,2 km;
– 2 trolley routes, with a total length of 34,4 km;
– 9 tram routes, with a total length of 109,6 km.
GALATI URBAN MANAGEMENT
- Public domain maintenance;
- Local administration and management services;
- Care and management services for public parks and gardens;
- Skating rink administration;
- Leisure and entertainment services;
- Landscape architecture and design;
- Cemetery administration.
ADMINISTRATION OF AGRI-FOOD MARKETS OF GALATI
- administration, development, maintenance and functioning of food markets;
- wholesale and retail trade of agricultural products;
- managing and renting commercial space for sale of fruits, vegetables, household products, handicraft products, flowers, meat, fish;
- other activities: storage areas, parking, accommodation for private producers and small traders.
Main Networking activities
International Black Sea Club – connected with: Black Sea Economic Cooperation, Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, International Union of Local Authorities, European Council for Small Business.
The Council of Danube Cities and Regions offers assistance to all potential partners in identifying appropriate themes and modalities for cooperation in implementing the EU Strategy for the Danube Region.
EU Projects and International Cooperation
- 22 projects financed by structural funds, as follows:
- 16 projects within the Regional Operational Programme 2007-2013, (urban, social, educational and health infrastructure)
- 3 projects within the Transnational Cooperation Programme South – East Europe:
SILVER CITY – innovative urban strategies and action plans to increase the role of seniors
- one project within URBACT II Programme FIN-URB-ACT – integrated urban actions for fostering and financing innovative economies and SMEs
- one project within the Joint Operational Programme Romania – Ukraine – Moldova – providing medical and social services
- the BSBEEP project financed by the Black Sea Basin Joint Operational Programme 2007 – 2013
2. other 8 projects under evaluation procedure.